The Bunburys of Kilfeacle, Co. Tipperary, descend from Mathew Bunbury (1675-1733), fourth son of Benjamin Bunbury (1642-1707) of Killerig, Co Carlow. His three elder brothers were Joseph Bunbury of Johnstown, Thomas Bunbury of Cloghna & Cranovonane and William Bunbury of Lisnavagh. Matthew’s younger brother Benjamin succeeded to Killerig while his sister Diana married Captain Thomas Barnes of Grange, Co Kilkeny, a soldier in the Duke of Ormonde’s army. The Kilfeacle branch are the one branch of the descendants of Benjamin of Killerig that has a straight male line descent direct from Mathew from eldest son to eldest son, without recourse to the distaff side, and this continues to this day.
In about 1697, 22-year-old Matthew Bunbury accompanied the brothers William and John Carden to take up leases in the rather depressed Barony of Upper Ormonde in Co Tipperary. Like the Bunburys, the Cardens originated in Cheshire but moved to Co Carlow during the 1680s. In moving further south to Tipperary, these young men were presumably attracted by low or graded rents, long leases and the prospect of large holdings. Matthew Bunbury settled in Kilfeacle, a parish of 7152 statute acres located 3½ miles (S.E. by E.) from Tipperary town on the road to Cashel. Over the ensuing years, with his credibility assured, he increased his landholding onto the adjacent estates such as the Matthew estate at Thomastown, and later onto the Maude, Smith and TCD estates.
We know little of Matthew’s subsequent affairs in County Tipperary save that, as a Justice of the Peace, he appears to have adopted a hard-line policy towards Roman Catholicism generally and ‘popish priests’ specifically. This runs contrary to my early speculation that the Bunburys still retained a soft spot for the Old Faith as nurtured by them during the Elizabethan Age when Sir William Stanley was a kinsman. The close ties with the Duke of Ormonde also made me think there may have been some sympathy for the plights of the Jacobites and, by extension, the Catholics. Perhaps Matthew took a stronger line than his brothers. Or maybe he was simply being Machiavellian at a time of considerable uncertainty. Jacobitism was a very real threat during the first two decades of the 18th century. At any rate, in 1714, he added his signature to those of fellow JPs James Dawson, Jona Ashe and William Barker in a letter to the Deputy Lieutenant of the County in which they said that, ‘in obedience to the directions which we received from his Grace the Duke of Shrewsbury, Lord Lieutenant of the kingdom’ on 28th May, ‘we summoned the principal popish inhabitants of the Barony of Clanwilliam to appear before us at Tipperary on the 22 instant’. It seems those summoned refused to show up, obliging the JPs ‘to have recourse for information to the meaner sort of people by whom we found that Thomas Grace and David Hedderman, popish priests (and not qualified by law to exercise their function) have of late Sellebrated Mass in the Parishes of Tipperary, Latten and Sronell for which we issued warrants against them’. The JPs further wished to assure the Lord Justices of Ireland that they would ‘use all proper means to discover whatsoever has been practiced to prejudice her Maiestie and the peace of her kingdom’. And finally they felt inclined to add that they had summoned some new Protestant converts ‘whose conduct and behaviour gave us grounds to feare they were not sincere Protestants’ to take the abjuration oath. These converts had also failed to show up, so warrants had also been issued for their arrest.
Mathew Bunbury married Anne Blount, of whom I know no more. He died aged 58 in 1733, leaving [at least] four sons – including Benjamin (of Kilfeacle), Mathew (who may have been ancestor of Lord Roberts), Thomas (of Shronell) and William (of Mount William). Their eldest daughter Elizabeth was married in May 1727 to John Lane of Lanes Park, Co. Tipperary, a descendent of the Lanes of Bentley in Staffordshire and kinsman of Sir William Barker of Kilcooley Abbey.
Mathew of Kilfeacle’s eldest son Benjamin Bunbury succeeded to Kilfeacle in 1733. Eleven years earlier, in 1724, he married Mary Kelly, daughter of John Kelly of Clonreher, a community based just outside present day Portlaoise (Maryborough) in the Queen’s County. Benjamin and Mary had three sons – Matthew, Benjamin and Joseph - and four daughters – Elizabeth, Anne, Hannah and Diana (and possibly Harriet who married Henry Irvine). The boys appear to have either disgraced themselves (Matthew for sure) or perished young. When Benjamin died in 1765, he had no male heir to the Kilfeacle estate and instead left the property to his eldest daughter, Elizabeth Richardson, more of whom anon.
Benjamin and Mary Bunbury’s eldest son was also a Matthew Bunbury, born before 1730. In 1750, this young man may well have been the ‘Matthew Bunbury’ named alongside Sir Thomas Maude, Sir William Barker and Stephen Moore as responsible for bringing the Rev John Hayly on trial at the assizes for attempting to convert William Moore, a Protestant. Hayly was charged under the infamous tory acts. On 22nd September 1752, the younger Mathew married 15-year-old Deborah Prittie, daughter of Henry and Deborah Prittie of Co. Tipperary. There may be some confusion here as the marriage of Matthew Bunburry [sic], High Sheriff of Co. Tipperary, and a Daughetr fo Mr. Prittie’ was recorded in The Gentleman's and London magazine (Sarah and John Exshaw, 1755) as taking place on 26th September 1741. In any case, Thomas P Power suggests that, before 1750, a daughter of a leading family like the Pritties could have expected anything between £2000 and £6000 on the occasion of her marriage. At any rate, the marriage of Matthew and Deborah was evidently a disaster. There is a Dublin Deed where she threatens divorce and demands an annuity. A later report described him as living ‘mostly in England, his wife and he live separate, and his affairs much embarrassed’.
Matthew Bunbury was much involved in suppressing the Whiteboys during the 1760s (he played a role in the execution of James Farrell in 1766 and the trial of Connor, Lord Maguire) and the United Irishmen in the 1790s (when referenced in The Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of Blessington by Richard Robert Madden (1855) on GoogleBooks). He later moved to England and died in Southampton in 1808. By some accounts he died in Exton, Hants. He seems to have acquired ‘a close of land’ at Droxford on the surrender of William Cornelius, gent, 1807. After his death, this land passed to the Rev Edward Nott. (Hampshire County Council Archives). Deborah does not get a mention in his Will, in which he appointed as executors his friend Paul Minchin of South Frederick Street, Dublin to deal with his Irish interests, while in England he appointed his friend Henry Minchin of Botley Grange in the County of Southampton. The Will was proven in England by the Prerogative Court to Henry Minchin. I believe this was the will in which he directed his considerable wealth to be left to the daughter of his sister Hannah Gahan which ultimately passed into the Bunbury-Tighe family.
Matthew’s widow Deborah Bunbury lived to the ripe old age of 92 and died at Shannonvale, Tipperary, in late 1830. By then she was celebrated as the aunt of the Rt Hon Lord Dunalley.  One wonders was she the ‘Mrs Bunbury’ singled out by the High Sheriff of Tipperary in a latter dated 10 May 1798 where he ‘... thinks it is his duty to praise
Mrs. Bunbury who so gallantly defended her house and compelled the rebels to
retire [at Lisheen April 20, 1798?] ... such heroic conduct should raise the crimson blush of shame on
those heroes who disgracefully and cowardly surrendered large quantities of arms to the rebels on their first approach without having fired a single shot’.
Deborah Bunbury’s father was Henry Prittie (1708 – 1768), whose father was granted lands in Ormond, Co Tipperary, by Charles II in 1678. During his 1720s and 1730s, he and his father had endeavoured to establish a lead mining trade in their lands in the once appropriately named Silvermines mountains. From 1730, the mines were left in abeyance until 1802 when the Dunalley Mining Company was formed with the intention of exploiting the ore there and in other placed. In 1761, Henry topped the electoral poll to become MP for Co Tipperary, retaining the seat until his death aged 60 in 1768. As a magistrate, he clearly tended towards the no-nonsense school of Protestant thought. At the Clonmel assizes of June 1762, for instance, he was one of 27 leading landowners to offer a £20 reward for the discovery and prosecution of ‘each of the first three Papists guilty of carrying arms in said county’. He lived at Kilboy, Co Tipperary. He was also an uncle of Viscount Clanwilliam. The Prittie papers (also called the Dunalley Papers) are held by the National Library of Ireland.
Deborah Bunbury’s mother was Deborah Neale (sometimes O’Neale) (d. 3 Nov 1760), daughter and co-heiress of the Rev Dr Benjamin Neale, Archdeacon of Leighlin and Ferns (a lineal descendent of the O’Neills of Ulster). The Rev Neale’s wife Hannah was a daughter of Jeffery Paul. The Neale’s owned considerable estates in Counties Carlow and Wexford which were inherited by Deborah O’Neal and her sister Martha, wife of John ****, third son (and eventual heir?) of Lord Baltinglass and MP for Baltinglass in the reigns of George I and George II. [Martha and John were married in October 1726]. Long before she married Henry Prittie, Deborah had married John Bayly of Debsborough House, Nenagh, Co. Tipperary.
Despite the fact she was 36 years old when she married Colonel Prittie, Deborah managed to give him a son and a further six daughters, the eldest of whom was Matthew Bunbury’s wife Deborah. Their only boy Henry Sadleir Prittie was born on 3 October 1743 and, as Baron Dunalley, became one of the most influential men in Munster during the last decades of the 18th century.
Henry and Deborah Prittie’s eldest daughter was the Deborah Pritte who married Matthew Bunbury of Kilfeakle. This marriage was one of many linking the influential families in the north of the county – Sadlier, Harrison, Lane, Otway, Holmes, Head, Balyly, Meade, Carden, Baker, Barton, Scully and Clutterbuck. This formed the basis for a unified gentry and a cohesive landed class, strengthened when peerages and knighthoods began to be bestowed upon the family heads.
Benjamin and Mary Bunbury had two further sons, Benjamin and Joseph, and four daughters. This was a costly business in terms of dowries. Thomas P Power states that, before 1750, the amount paid to daughters on the occasion of their marriage would have been between £1,000 and £1,500 for a middle-ranking family like the Bunburys. But clearly Benjamin had sufficient money or his daughters were very beautiful because all four – or maybe five – were to marry well. The eldest Anne Bunbury married Robert Lane. The second, Hannah Bunbury, married Daniel Gahan of Coolquill. (Their daughter Anne Gahan was married in 1793 to William ‘Statistical’ Tighe of Woodstock, Co. Kilkenny. She died in 1853 at Tunbridge Wells aged 77). The third daughter, Elizabeth Bunbury was married in May 1749 to Captain St. George Richardson, 6th Dragoon Guards, MP for Augher (1755-1760). Their senior grandson Sir James Richardson later took the name Richardson-Bunbury. The fourth daughter Diana Bunbury (d 22.10.1821) was a godmother to Augusta Lane and married, in May 1772, Sir John Tydd, Bart, MP for Londonderry. He was created a baronet on 24 July 1795 and died without heir in 1830. There may have been a fifth daughter, Harriet, who was married in 1759 to Henry Irvine (b. 1734, twin brother of William Irvine of Castle Irvine, Co Fermanagh) and had a daughter, Mary, who married Col. John Caulfeild, of Donamon. 
Mathew of Kilfeacle’s second son was also called Mathew. He was born about 1702, and became an Ensign in Sutton's Regiment (later The Green Howards) in 1720. He became a Lieutenant in 1733 after his commission was renewed in 1727. On 22 April 1743 he was invalided out as being unfit for further service with the 19th Foot. No further details are available but he may have lived at Garranacarty, Co Tipperary, and died aged 64 in 1766. If this is the case, he was most probably the father of Major Abraham Bunbury and great-grandfather of Field Marshal Lord Roberts. And if that is the case, then his wife was called Elizabeth and he also had two daughters, Ann and Harriet.
Portrait of Miss Christy Innes (1761-1847)
who married Major Abraham Bunbury
in 1784. She was grandmother to Field
Marshal Lord Roberts.
Abraham Bunbury was one of the officers who signed the parole at Cambridge after the capture of General Burgoyne at Saratoga. His father was described as ‘Mathew Bunbury of Garranacarty, Co: Tipperary’ and may well have been the second son of the original Matthew Bunbury of Kilfeacle. This Matthew was probably deceased prior to or in 1768 when young Abraham drew up deeds for annuities to be paid to his mother Elizabeth and his two sisters, Ann and Harriet. The deeds were for £50 p.a. for his mother, and £15 p.a. each for his two sisters. Perhaps, as Peter Bunbury suggest, he knew his military career might be precarious and, as the head of the family, he was simply making provisions for his dependents. Abraham appears to have been born at Kilfeacle in 1748. He was commissioned an Ensign on 31 December 1769, promoted to Lieutenant on 17 September 1773 and to Captain on 21 December 1775. Captain Abraham Bunbury commanded a battalion company of the 62nd Regiment (later Royal Gloucesters) during the entirety of the Northern Campaign of 1777, including the ferocious fighting of the Battle of Freeman's Farm on 19 September 1777, in which battle he was wounded. Later historians attributed his wound to having occurred in the Battle of Bemis Heights instead (7 October 1777), but original casualty lists clarify that error.
Captain Bunbury surrendered with the rest of Lieutenant-General John Burgoyne's Army at Saratoga on 17 October 1777, and he remained with the regiment during its period of captivity. Bunbury was one of three officers of the regiment to apply for his parole in May 1778, but the rebels seemed in no great hurry to grant it. Upon the exchange and promotion (into another regiment) of light infantry company Captain Alexander Campbell in 1778, Captain Bunbury assumed the command of that elite flank company and remained as such through the rest of the war. He had rejoined the repatriated regiment in England by August 1781. (His signature from a regimental pay-list dated Bradford, England, 20 February 1783 can be seen on http://www.62ndregiment.org/Abraham_Bunbury.htm).
An issue of the London Magazine, Enlarged and Improved (printed for R. Baldwin, London: 1784) announced his undated marriage: “Abraham Bunbury, Esq. captain in the 62d regiment of foot, to Miss Christy Innes, daughter of Mr. Innes, of Cathlaw.” The marriage took place in St Nicholas, Aberdeen on 21st June 1784 and Christy – or Christian – was a daughter of Alexander Innes. Abraham and Christian had the following children: Christian Eliza (born in Torphichen, West Lothian, 7.4.1786), Harriot (born in Edinburgh, 25.5.1787), Mathew Alexander (born Edinburgh, 29.4.1791), Margaret Isabella (Matthew’s twin, born 29.4.1791), Anna Maria (born in Edinburgh, 8.8.1793; christened in Saint Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh), followed by Abraham (born in Edinburgh, 25.12.1796) and lastly Isabella (mother of Field Marshall Lord Roberts) (born in Edinburgh, 23.1.1799; d. 1882, Hampton Court, Palace). In 1901, Lord Roberts was created ‘Viscount St Pierre’, recalling the old Norman title of his mother’s clan.
Captain Abraham Bunbury retired from the army on 27 February 1788. Little is known of his latter years save that, in 1795, he became one of the subscribers to ‘A New Plan for Speedily Increasing the Number of Bee-hives in Scotland’ by James Bonner. He was also a patron of Bonner’s aptly named sequel of 1796, ‘Treatise on the Natural History and Management of Bees’. He died in Edinburgh on 1 September 1799. His death was noted in The European Magazine, and London Review, published by the Philological Society (Great Britain) in 1799
Thomas Bunbury of Shronell was the fourth son of Mathew Bunbury of Kilfeacle and his wife Anne Blount. He was also the direct ancestor of Benjamin Bunbury of Belmont, Co Waterford, and of Peter R Bunbury. In 1731, he married Grace Chadwick, the second of three daughters born to William Chadwick, of Gortnekilleen and Ballinard, by his marriage of 1713 to Jane, daughter of Rodolphus Greene, of Kilmanahan, Co Waterford. When Grace’s father passed away circa 1750, Grace and her sisters were given £10 each ‘to buy mourning’. This was presumably over and above the dowries they had received upon their respective marriages. Grace’s eldest brother Richard Chadwick succeeded to the family property at Ballinard although her next oldest brother William, aka ‘Big Billy’ may have taken some of it. A third brother Rudolphus Chadwick settled in Cork, became a merchant and, in 1739, married Prudence Healy of the parish of St. Mary in Shandon. A fourth brother Michael was a Quarter Master in 1743, married Anna Maria, daughter of William Connor of Clonmel, who survived him; he died between 1752 and 1757. Grace’s two sisters were Ann Blood (married in 1748 to William Blood, of Roxton, County Clare, some time High Sheriff; she had a marriage portion of £1,000 and an annuity of £100 a year if left a widow) and Catherine Hunt (married Vere Hunt, of Curragh, County Limerick, and had issue one son who died in infancy).
Grace gave Thomas seven children, including at least three sons – Matthew Bunbury of Dungarvan, Captain Benjamin Bunbury and Rev Thomas Bunbury, of whom more anon – and two daughters, Jane (Green) and Elizabeth (Thornhill). Thomas of Shronell’s will was drawn up and dated 9 January 1772. He died two days later on 11th January 1772. His house was put up for rent soon afterwards as an advertisement in the Limerick Chronicle of 23rd January 1772 reads: ‘To be set (sic) the large house in the town of Tipperary wherein Thomas Bunbury Esq: deceased lived ----- proposals to the Revnd Mr Thomas Bunbury his executor’.
Thomas and Grace’s eldest son Mathew was still around in Dungarvan, Co. Waterford in 1773 as Dublin Deeds indicate. He may have been the Matthew Bunbury listed as an Ensign in the 43rd Regiment of Foot, as of 4 Sept 1754. According to Owen's weekly chronicle; or Universal journal, of 1759 (p.134) a ‘Matthew Bunbury Esq’ was also commissioned to be ‘Captain of a company in the 2nd Battalion of Lord Forbes 76th regiment of Foot’. Was this the same Matthew? Or could this have been Matthew of Kilfeacle’s second son?
Thomas and Grace’s second son was Captain Benjamin Bunbury of Mount William, born circa 1731. In 1766 he was made a Lieutenant in the 17th Light Dragoons. In March 1771, he married Jane Hall, daughter of Ralph Hall of Ballyhall. In 1775, Tipperary society was greatly shaken by the murder of Ambrose Power, landlord and magistrate, during an assault on his house by Whiteboy supporters. His brother Richard Power, a Baron, had heard some Whiteboy trials in Clonmel while Ambrose himself arrested William Mackey, a Whiteboy from Fethard. (Art Kavanagh, The Tipperary Gentry, p.20, p.151). Over 60 of the county’s leading figures subsequently pledged their lives and fortunes to the suppression of Whiteboyism. A revised and extended Whiteboy Act was passed, increasing the power of local magistrates and adding to the list of those felonies for which the death penalty could be administered. By May 1776, a number of Volunteer groups had been formed, including one under Captain Benjamin Bunbury and one under Sir Cornwallis Maude (a staunch government supporter, who succeeded his brother to become Baron de Montalt in 1777 and was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Hawarden in 1793). In July 1776, Peter Holmes founded another corps at Nenagh and John Carden founded one at Templemore. By the end of the year there were 28 corps in the county.
The 17th Dragoons were sent to America and present-day family historian Peter Bunbury (who descends from this line) has a record of Benjamin being in Boston, Mass: on the 5th January 1776, on Staten Island in August of the same year. and in Philadelphia on 7th February 1778. His daughter Jane was born at Mt William in 1774 , before her father went to America for military duties. Benjamin died in Mt William on the 18th June 1791.
Benjamim’s son, also Captain Benjamin Bunbury, of Johnstown, was born in 1772. In 1798, he married his first cousin, Emily Bunbury, daughter of Rev Thomas Bunbury, rector of Ightermurrogh. Benjamin and Emily were parents of Benjamin Bunbury of Johnstown (d 1872) who m. (1827) Elizabeth Baker, daughter of Richard Baker of Ballydavid. Their eldest son, another Benjamin, was great grandfather to Peter and came to Sydney in 1853.
Captain Bunbury’s daughter Judith married Colonel Hans Allen of the Royal Artillery. He predeceased her and she died at Montpellier Terrace, Cheltenham, on December 9th 1861 (The Gentleman’s Magazine 1861, p. 114).
Captain Bunbury's other daughter Jane was born in 1774. In 1799, she married Charles Madden (born about 1774, son of Samuel Madden and Cassandra Travers). They had a large family born between 1800 and 1819 but only Samuel Madden (1802-1880) married and had a family.
Thomas and Grace’s third son was Rev Thomas Bunbury, BA, Rector of Ightermurrogh, Co Cork, B.A. vicar of Kilmacdonagh, Kilcredan & Garryvoe on letters patent of 7th August 1784 Vice Southwell. He was licensed to the curacy of Castlemartyr from 20th June 1777 and from 1784 until his death in 1793.He married Jane Greene by whom he had a son, Matthew (born 1779, died 12 August 1786 aged 7, buried Ballyoughtera Churchyard), and two daughters, Emily and Jane. Emily was born in 1777 and married her first cousin, Captain Benjamin Bunbury (the son of Benjamin Bunbury and Jane Hall) by whom she became ancestress of Peter R Bunbury. Her younger sister Jane was born in 1778 and married her cousin Rev William Greene (the son of Michael Greene and Jane Bunbury) but she died in 1799, 2 years after her marriage.
Thomas and Grace’s daughter Jane Bunbury was apparently born at Moyle, Co Carlow, in 1740, which once again raises questions over just when did the Bunbury relationship with Moyle commence. She was married in April 1755 to Michael Green (1739-1812). On 29 April, Pue's Occurrences reported: ‘Last week was married at Shronell in the co Tipperary Michael GREEN, the younger of Killnemack in the co Waterford Esq to Miss Jane BUNBURY, a very beautiful young lady with 1500L fortune’. By some accounts Jane was born in 1740 in Moyle, Co. Carlow, and died 14 APR 1817 in Midleton, Co. Cork, but the Moyle connection surprises. Michael and Jane’s daughter Maria Greene married Thomas Bunbury of the Bunbury-Isaac family and this provides an interesting latter day connection between the Kilfeacle and Lisnavagh branches of the family.
Thomas and Grace’s youngest daughter Elizabeth was born in about 1747 married in about 1768 to Major James Badham Thornhill (1745-1796). They had a large family of six sons, including his heir, Richard Badham Thornhill, and four daughters. All the sons had military careers but bizarrely only one of them seems to have had any further male issue. Elizabeth Thornhill and her mother ‘Mrs Bunbury’ are referenced in a book of Mary Wollstonecraft's letters, presumably relating to her time as tutor to the children of Lord Mount Cashell. Elizabeth lived to be an old woman, passing away in 1835 and was buried at Clenor.
Matthew Bunbury of Kilfeacle’s fifth son was William Bunbury who settled at Mount William a few miles north of Kilfeacle. William was born about 1707 and died in February 1776. His wife Diana (?) died in 1759 and was buried in Kilfeacle churchyard. William's will was dated 8 April 1772 and probate was granted on 28 February 1776. In his will, he requested to be buried alongside his wife in Kilfeacle churchyard. (Peter Bunbury has a map of the location). He lists his surviving children as William, Thomas, Mary, Hannah, Ann, and Elizabeth. His eldest son Mathew Bunbury, who was born before 1741 predeceased him in 1771.
He also mentions his servant Elinor Heffernan by whom he had a son Joseph Bunbury, his youngest, likely born after 1759. This Joseph may well have been the army officer who played a prominent role in negotiating with American-Indians and surveying lands between Ohio and Montreal in the 1790s. He rose to become Lieutenant Colonel but resigned amid some controversy in 1801. In March 1801 he married the 16-year-old daughter of an unnamed attorney.
In a codicil to his will, dated 9 October 1772, William Bunbury revoked the original legacy of £20 per year bestowed upon his daughter Hannah as she had married an Oliver Smithwick and been paid her fortune. Instead he left her the sum of 5 shillings. He left his daughter Ann a fortune of £500, to be paid from a bond with Richard Lockwood and John Max, now in the hands of Minchin Carden. He bequeathed her a further £200 from lands and farms at Gaile. The condition was that if Ann died before she was married, then £400 of her legacy was to go to her sister Elizabeth and £200 to her brother Thomas. His daughter Mary also received a token payment of 5 shillings as she was already married and had received her fortune. His youngest daughter Elizabeth was bequeathed the sum of £600 from lands at Gaile and other effects. (She may well have gone on to marry Richard Lockwood). In order to discharge these debts and legacies, William Bunbury’s farms and land at Ballynagrane were to be sold.
The List of Freeholders of the County of Tipperary for the year 1776 refers to three Bunbury clergymen – the Rev Thomas Bunbury of Castle Martyr, Ballydavid, the Rev. Thomas Bunbarry of Mount William, Bally, and the Rev. Henry Bunbury of Clonbeg.
By 1837, Kilfeacle House was the residence of Mrs. Scully. The parish was described by Lewis as ‘in the diocese of Cashel, and is a rectory, forming part of the union of Tipperary: the tithes amount to £369 4s. 7½d. In the Roman Catholic divisions it forms part of the union or district of Golden, and has a chapel near the Moat. About 80 children are educated in a public and the same number in a private school. There are the remains of castles at Grantstown and Castle Field, also a large Danish moat.’ In 1837, Lewis recorded the population as 2033 inhabitants and valued the land, as applotted under the tithe act, at £7950 per annum. Lewis described the parish as having some land ‘of excellent quality, and good limestone is abundant’. A fair is held on July 10th, chiefly for wool and lambs.
I am not sure quite how this connects but on Saturday, May 20, 1843, The Tuam Herald reported that ‘the tenantry on the Benbury [sic] estate between Thomastown and Tipperary, and containing 1,800 acres, have received an abatement of 20% through the recommendation of the agent, Captain Benbury, of Kilkenny.'
 Land, Politics, and Society in Eighteenth-century Tipperary, Thomas P. Power, p. 126.
 "The Irish priests in the penal times (1660-1760) [microform] : from the state papers in H. M. Record Offices, Dublin and London, the Bodleian Library, and the British Museum", Rev. William Burke. (Printed by N. Harvey & Co , 1914)
 This may feasibly have been his uncle Matthew, father of Major Abraham Bunbury, who was invalided out of action some years earlier? Power, p. 240.
 Power, p. 93
 Belle Assemblée or Court Fashionable Magazine, Vol XII, July-Dec 1830, p.138.
 "Land and Violence - a History of West Tipperary from1660", Denis G Marnane.
 The marriage of Deborah Prittie and John Bayly produced five sons and two daughters who were Deborah Bunbury’s half-siblings – viz 1. John (1724-1797, high Sheriff in 1759, m (1) Ann, dau of John Croker of Ballymagarry, Co. Tipperary; (2) Martha, daughter of Robert Holmes and sister of Peter Holmes, MP for Banagher); 2. Benjamin (a barrister (or ‘councillor at law’) and collector of Wexford, of Silverspring Co. Wexford, m. Ann Belchier of the kingdom of England and had one son Benjamin); 3. Constantine (m. Charlotte Falkner of Co Cork, no issue); 4. Rev Henry Baily (a rector ‘of considerable livings in the county of Limerick’); and 5. Paul (died young). As to the two Bayly daughters, Hannah married to Mason Gerrard of Bellgriffin, Co. Dublin and Elizabeth married Captain Thomas Scott, a cavalry officer from Co Wexford by whom she had several sons who served in the Navy and East India Service.
 Henry and Deborah Prittie’ second daughter Elizabeth Prittie married Peter Holmes of Co Tipperary. The third daughter Martha Prittie married firstly Thomas Otway (1730-1786) of Lissen Hall and Castle Otway, Co Tipperary. Martha was married secondly to Thomas Parker. Despite her fetching name, the fourth daughter Kitty Prittie, perished unmarried. The fifth daughter Hannah Prittie was married in 1765 to Captain Francis Brooke, a light horse cavalry officer from Co Fermanagh and brother of Sir Arthur Brooke. Hannah died iJune 1819, leaving four sons, Lt.-Gen. Sir Arthur Brooke (d. 1843), Maj.-Gen. Richard Prittie Brooke (d. 1836), Sir Henry Brooke, 1st Bt (1770–1834), George Frederick Brooke (1779-1865); and two daughters, Caroline Brooke and Harriet Brooke (d. 1858). The sixth and youngest daughter Sarah married Edward Head of Co Tipperary. (The Peerage of Ireland A Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom by Edward Kimber, John Almon).
 Henry Sadleir Prittie, 1st Baron Dunalley, was born on 3 October 1743. He married Catherine Sadleir, co-heiress of Colonel Franics Sadleir of Sopwell Hall, Co. Tipperary. (Catherine Sadleir’s sister Mary married Frederick Trench, son of Frederick Trench and Mary Geering, on 20 August 1754. She bore him a rather astonishing 20 children, including the 1st Baron Ashtown, and died in 1819). Catherine was the widow of John Bury, heir to Lord Charleville's estates. In 1764, she gave birth to Charles William Bury, RIA, FRS, who would go on to be created 1st Earl of Charleville in 1806. Henry was elected to the Irish House of Commons for Banagher in 1767, a seat he held until 1768, and then represented the pocket borough of Gowran from 1769 to 1776 (later held by George Bunbury of Rathmore) and County Tipperary from 1776 to 1790. His name was not listed for the gentry of Co Tipperary who, in advance of the 1783 general election, formed a body known as ‘The Constitutional Associating Freeholders’. Parliamentary reform was their aim, primarily the reduction of the influence of both the Crown and ‘the great interests’. As someone who availed of pocket boroughs, he was probably opposed to the CAF. He also seems to have been hostile to any form of Catholic Relief, reportedly forcing his tenants to sign the Nenagh Address by which they promised to ‘vigorously oppose all attempts at innovation or alteration in the Church and State’. Nonetheless, he and Daniel Toler, the two standing MPs for Tipperary, both voted with the minority seeking reform when the Volunteer Bill was defeated. (T. Power, Land, Politics & Society in 18th Century Tipperary).
In 1780, he commissioned William Leeson to build the new Kilboy House, famed for its ‘superb entrance front with engaged Doric portico … very fine interior with good plasterwork and imperial main staircase’ (‘The Vanishing Houses of Ireland’, Knight of Glin, David Griffin, Nicholas Robinson). Kilboy House was burned in 1922, rebuilt without the attic storey but then demolished in the 1950s. A single storey house now surmounts the basement, accessed by the original steps. It was lately the home of Shane Ryan, son of the late Dr Tony Ryan of Ryanair. In 1800 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Dunalley, of Kilboy in the County of Tipperary. In 1800, he became one of the beneficiaries of the Act of Union when he gained the title of 1st Baron Dunally. Fat lot of good it did him; he died soon after on 3 January 1801 aged 57. He was succeeded as 2nd Baron Dunalley by his only son, Henry Prittie (1775-1854), MP for Carlow from 1798-1801. In 1802, the 2nd Baron married Maria Trent, niece of John Fitzgibbon, 1st Earl of Clare, and netted a dowry of £5,000.
 Power, p. 93
 A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies, p. 609, John Burke, Bernard Burke (1841). See also the Irvine Archives.
 Note that this Abraham has nothing to do with Abraham Bunbury of Castledermot, born in 1792, the youngest of 5 sons of Henry Bunbury of Bunbury Lodge, Russelltown and Margery Walsh, who were never married. This Abraham married a Margaret Leonard on 13.10.1819. She died in 1827, whilst he died in 1828. There may have been a daughter who married a fellow called Horwood in India, but I have no proof of this last as being fact.
 London Magazine, Enlarged and Improved (printed for R. Baldwin, London: 1784). The marriage was also noted in The London Magazine, Or, Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer of 1784, published by Isaac and Edward Kimber.
 The Edinburgh Annual Register of 1816, edited by Walter Scot, noted the marriage on 25 February, at Edinburgh, of George Hunter Esq to Miss Bunbury, eldest daughter of the late Captain Abraham Bunbury, 62nd Regt. I presume this was Christian Eliza Bunbury.
 The Scots Magazine and Edinburgh Literary Miscellany of 1813 (p.878) noted the marriage, on 16 October 1813, in Prince's Street, Edinburgh, of Glaswegian barrister John Taylor Esq to Miss Harriet Bunbury, 'second daughter of the late Abraham Bunbury Esq, Captain of the 62d foot.' John Taylor was a son of William Taylor and Jean Birkwise. The Taylors had two sons – William Tydd Taylor (1814-1862) and John Bunbury Taylor (b. c. 1815). It is sometimes stated that Harriot was married secondly in 1851 to a man called JS Mill. I think there is some confusion here with the philosopher John Stuart Mill who did indeed share an intimate friendship for 21 years with a married English woman called Harriot Taylor whom he later married. However, Harriet Taylor (nee Bunbury) actually died in the autumn of 1841, as evidenced by a monument in the churchyard near Clifton Church which is inscribed as follows:
'TAYLOR, Mrs. Harriet, widow of John Taylor, of Glasgow; d. 25 Sept. 1841, aged 54. Mont. erected by her sons, Wm. Tydd and John Bunbury Taylor.'
(Notes and Queries, p. 224, March 26, 1932, 'Scottish M.I. from Bristol Churchyards', C. Roy Huddleston
William Tydd Taylor, the eldest son, was born on 1 Jan 1814 and may have been named Tydd after a John Tydd who married a Diana Bunbury in 1772; she one of the many daughters of Benjamin and Mary Bunbury and part of the Kilfeakle tribe. On 28 July 1839, the 24-year-old barrister and graduate of Edinburgh University, married Margaretta Lucy Lind in Monifieth, Angus, Scotland. Born in Calcutta in 1818, she was a daughter of Alexander Lind and Anna Macan. On 5 October 1839, less than three months after their Church of England wedding, the couple sailed out of Bristol for Sydney, arriving on 29 March 1840. William and Margaretta subsequently settled at 'Terrible Vale', Kentucky, District of Armidale, New South Wales, where they had issue, 6 daughters and 4 sons. This property was first settled in 1832 and William Tydd Taylor and his family took up the run in 1838, which at that time covered 42sq miles. The property is much smaller today but is still held by descendants of the Taylor family. William was Member of the NSW Legislative Assembly (11/2/1858-11/4/1859) & Member for New England & Macleay (11/2/1858-11/4/1859). William died on 1st December 1862. Margaretta died in 1882 in Uralla, New South Wales. Elizabeth Gardiner, great-great granddaughter of William Tydd Taylor, is interested in hearing from anyone who believes their ancestors died on the Terrible Vale Run between 1832-1940 and has proof (Death Certificate) that the person was buried on the property. The present custodians of the cemetery are David and Alex Taylor. A book has been published titled "Terrible Vale: No Time Like the Past" and additional information on the names of those listed on the plaque are contained in that book. Anyone who has any connections with these names may like to contact Elizabeth Gardiner at East Oaks, Uralla, NSW 2358.
It is thought that their second son John Bunbury Taylor was born in Scotland circa 1815 and appears to have dropped the John and be known simply as 'Bunbury Taylor'. He married Christiana Emma Elizabeth Innes (1812-1887), presumably a cousin, with whom he had three children: Harriet Emma Ballantine Taylor (b 1843), Major Frederic Norman Innes Taylor (b. 1846) and Alice Mary Innes Taylor (b 1848).
 Major Matthew Bunbury was married in Fort William, Calcutta, on 19 Sept 1810 to Isabella Brady, with whom he had two sons, William and Matthew, and six daughters, all born in India and Penang. He served as a Major in the 40th Regt NI and with the East India Company. He died aged 50 at Segowlee, Bihar, India, on 1 September 1841. His eldest son, William Douglas Bunbury, was born on 29th April 1818 on Prince of Wales Island (Penang) and baptised in Penang on 21st February 1819. He was a Captain in the Bengal Army and, in 1857, transferred to the Military Police. He married Jemima MacAndrew in Lucknow, India on 2nd February 1857. Jemima was the daughter of John McAndrew, an Inverness-based solicitor who was in partnership with Henry Cockburn MacAndew and Robert Palmer Jenkins (father of Leoline John BUNBURY Jenkins, born in Inverness in 1887, whose grandson Don Landy (with Peter Bunbury) supplied me with much of this information). The Scottish connection was presumably through William's grandmother, Christina Bunbury (nee Innes). There were no children born to William and Jemima. WDB died from a bout of acute bronchitis aged 82, at 11:30am on 25th August 1900 at Willowbank, Inverness, Scotland. His widow died on 2nd February 1907 aged 80, also at Willowbank. Probate for WDB Will was granted to George Bunbury Macandrew.
Matthew and Isabella’s second daughter Mary Ann Stephina Bunbury was born in Bengal in 1817. On 7 October 1833, the 16-year-old was married in Dinapore, India, to (later Colonel) John Grant Gerrard (http://trees.ancestry.ca/pt/person.aspx?tid=6617187&pid=-1259844804&pg=2) (b. 8 Nov 1808 in Calcutta), son of Major John Gerrard (b.16 Oct 1785) of Drumconrath, Co Meath. They had 9-10 children before the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 changed their lives forever. In November 1857, Colonel John Gerrard was sent at the head of 1,500 men to confront rebels at Nasibpur. He was killed by musket shot in what ultimately turned out to be a British triumph at the battle of Narnaul. His widow Mary subsequently went to Littleham, Devon, England, where she died nearly 50 years later at St Thomas in 1904.
Another of Matthew and Isabella's daughters was Anna Maria Elizabeth Bunbury, born 30 May 1827 at Penang. On 1 October 1845 she was married at Sylhet to Lt. William Henry Drummond Ross, 28th Bengal Native Infantry, son of Surgeon Andrew Ross (Bengal Medical Service). Born at Nagpur, January 1824, Lt Ross served as an Interpreter and Quarter Master for the 18th but died on 20th December 1854 aged just 30. (Inscription on grave at Ambala cemetery - "Sacred to the memory of Lieutenant William Henry Drummond Ross Interpreter and Quarter Master 28th Regiment Native Infantry who departed this life the 20th December 1854 aged 30 years and 11 months.") Their grandson Douglas Ross (aka Charles Douglas Bunbury Starkie-Bence) married Maithal Gertrude Halhed, by whom he was father to Richmond Douglas Starkie-Bence of Chemainus (known as Bunny Ross). The Starkie-Bence family moved back to England in 1938 and changed their name from Ross by deed poll in order to take over an inheritance and Kentwell House. Bunny Ross was a Wireless Air-Gunner with the RAF but was killed in World War Two when his bomber was shot down while on convoy duty. (Thanks to Hillary Everitt for this information).
 Although Margaret Isabella Bunbury’s name does not show up on the Scottish records, she is registered on the to the India Office Card Index as the twin sister of Matthew Alexander Bunbury. Early speculation that she perished young (based on premise that a later daughter of Abraham and Christian Bunbury was named Isabella) seems to be undermined by a record of her marriage in Blackwood’s Magazine (p.351). The marriage took place at Clifton on 22 November 1821, by the Rev Henry Klrbv, between the Rev Edward Litchford, Rector of Boothby Pagpell, Lincolnshire, and Margaret Isabella, third daughter of the late Captain Abraham Bunbury, 62nd Regt of Foot.
 In 1805, there was record of a Captain Bunbury of the ship Mary who touched at New York on his voyage from Baltimore to St. Domingo. His Christian name is not given – some suggested he was Abraham Bunbury, son of Captain Abraham Bunbury, but the dates do not stand up. He was subsequently registered as a member of St Andrew’s Society in New York. ‘The only references in the newspapers, from 1819 to 1826, are his name on the passenger list of ships from Bristol and Liverpool. The directories show that he did business here from 1827 to 1830 inclusive at 65 Pine Street, while he lived at 26 Park Place. He was elected first in 1818, probably as Honorary, and re-elected in 1828. The Dues Book of 1835 has the words "in England" opposite his name’. (Biographical register of Saint Andrew's society of the state of New York, Vol. II, 1807 - 1856, William M. MacBeant, LL.D. Printed for the Society 1925.
 Isabella Bunbury was married twice. Her first husband was Major Hamilton George Maxwell of Ardwell, Wigtownshire, Scotland. They had a daughter, Innes Lloyd Maxwell (married Captain John Sherston of Evercreach, Somerset, d. 1897, mother of Major Charles Davies Sherston and Captain John Sherston who was killed in the Boer War) and a son, Colonel Hamilton Maxwell.
On 2 August 1830, Isabella was married again in India to General Sir Abraham Roberts (born Waterford, 11 April 1784; died 30 December 1873), son of Reverend John Roberts and Anne Sandys. Conan Kennedy believes they lived in a grace and favour apartment in Hampton Court Palace. According to the Mormon database, Conan's great-grandfather Fred Bolton Kennedy married a Bunbury of Hampton Court Palace around 1833.
Sir Abraham and Lady Isabella's eldest son was the well-known FIELD MARSHAL LORD FREDERICK SLEIGH ROBERTS. He was born at Cawnpore, West Bengal, on 30 September 1832. This ‘most impressive officer won a host of medals, accolades, titles, and the Victoria Cross for ability, bravery, and gallantry during the course of his life. His successes earned him many top commands, including the position of commander-in-chief in India (1885-1893), commander-in-chief in Ireland (1895-1899), and the last commander-in-chief of the Forces (1900-1904). He died in 1914 and remains to this day one of Britain's most celebrated military heroes’. (He died on 14 November 1914, St Omer, France, whilst visiting the Indian Corps).
Sir Abraham and Lady Roberts also had a daughter HARRIET MERCER ROBERTS (born at Cawnpore in 1833, died unmarried on 8 October 1889) and another child who died on 3 March 1861. Peter has a copy of Abraham's Will which does not mention the younger Isabella as she was born after it was drawn up.
 Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume VXIL, Issue 7167, 3 April 1901, Page 2: ‘VISCOUNT ST. PIERRE - The origin of Lord Roberts' new title —Viscount St. Pierre— has excited much speculation. Many amateur pedigree-finders have searched in rain for a clue among the Field-Marshal's ancestors,' through his great-grandfather, John Roberts, of Waterford, who married a Miss Santelle, who belonged to a well-known French refugee family. The real origin of the title is no doubt to be traced through tho Field-Marshal's mother, by birth Miss Isabella Bunbury, daughter of Abraham Bunbury, of Kilfeacle, co. Tipperary. Whether the Irish Bunbury family are or are not proved scions of the old Cheshire family of Bunbury of Stanney is difficult to , determine, but they probably are. The Cheshire family claims a descent from Sir Henry Bunbury, of Stanney, knighted in 1608. Burkes Peerage commences the Bunbury pedigree thus:— This family of Norman origin was, according to Kimber's Baronetage, originally called St. Pierre, but adopted the name of Bunbury from the Manor of Bunbury, part of their lands obtained at the Conquest." So Lord Roberts, in becoming Viscount St. Pierre, carries us back to the times of that other illustrious soldier, William the Conqueror.
 Richard Chadwick was married, firstly, February, 1738, to Rebecca, eldest daughter of James Ellard, of Newtown, County Limerick. She had a settlement secured on Ballinard, Gortnekilleen and three other estates. Richard married secondly, February, 1768, Jane, second daughter of Nicholas Sadleir of Golden Garden, County Tipperary. She had a jointure of £1,000 if left a widow. She survived him and was married, secondly, in 1772, to Anthony Armstrong, of Emly, and had several children.
Source: THE CHADWICKS OF GUELPH AND TORONTO AND THEIR COUSINS, Antony Maitland (Davis & Henderson Ltd, 1914).
 Michael and Anna Maria Chadwick had a daughter Jane, married, 1759, to Francis, eldest son of George Davies, of Bunreagh, County Clare; and a daughter Mary, married to John Lackey, of Clonmmel and of Kilkenny, who had issue, viz: (besides others) a daughter Maria, married to Francis Despard, of Fethard, eldest son of William Despard of Killaghy Castle. It appears that there was (in 1759), in the office of William Connor, attorney-at-law in Dublin, apparently a relative of Anna Maria, a William Chadwick, very probably a son of Michael and Anna Maria. Also it is possible that Surgeon Michael Chadwick, 69th Regt., who has not been identified, may have been of this family.
 Mathew’s grandson (or great-grandson?) Benjamin Bunbury married an Augusta Nunn in 1852 in Dublin and then had a 4 1/2 month honeymoon on a 476 ton barque arriving Sydney in July 1852. Benjamin after a stint with the water police was appointed clerk of the court of N.S.W. Benjamin and Augusta’s four children were born in Sydney and Peter’s grandfather George Henry was the youngest, born 1860.
 A list of the general and field-officers, as they rank in the army, Army list – 1756)
 The Scots Magazine, 1766, p. 447.
 The List of Freeholders of the County of Tipperary for the year 1776.
 He was one of the sons of Richard Thornhill and Sophia Badham, daughter of Brettridge Badham & Lady Sophia King. Richard Thornhill took the name 'Badham' by royal permission when he married Sophia.
 It is not known whether Richard Badham Thornhill, the eldest son, married or had children. He was in the Dragoons and was still alive in 1832 when aged about 62. Thomas, the second son, died in action in 1794 at Martinique and was probably too young to be married and have a child. Robert King Thornhill, the third son died unmarried in 1825. George King Thornhill, the fourth son, became an Honorable, Order of the Bath and such like and his son moved to Australia. The fifth son, James Badham Thornhill, may have had a first marriage that we don't know about, but he definitely married a widow, Eliza Morris, in about 1835 and died about 10 years later. Eliza and James were both born 1788/9 so there were almost certainly no children by their marriage. Badham Thornhill, the sixth and youngest son, was killed in action in 1813 and left all his worldly good to his mother, Elizabeth, so it's unlikely he had a wife or child.
As for the daughters, Sophia Thornhill married Samuel Godsell; Anne married Richard Tonson Rye of Ryecourt; Caroline Thornhill m. Chambre Croker, or Cor Cor as sometimes written, from Cor Cor Castle; and Eliza m. Reverend Edward Warren, 6th son of Sir Robert, Bart., of Warren Court. (Judith Morris).