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FAMILY

LISNAVAGH

 

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Above: Thomas Bunbury succeeded to
Lisnavagh aged three, when his father was
killed in a horsefall in Co. Carlow. His
uncle Benjamin Bunbury managed Lisnavagh
through until the 1820s. Thomas later
served as MP for Carlow. A bachelor, he was
succeeded by his nephew,
Captain William McClintock Bunbury.

THOMAS BUNBURY, MP, OF LISNAVAGH (1775- 1846)

 

1775

January 18: Thomas's aunt Letitia Bunbury married George Gough and was mother to Field Marshal Sir Hugh Gough, an icon of the Napoleonic, Opium and Sikh Wars who served as Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army in British India during the 1840s.

Birth of Thomas Bunbury, the eldest son of William Bunbury of Lisnavagh, MP for Carlow, and his wife, the Dublin-born heiress Catherine Kane. He served as MP for Co. Carlow.

His grandfathers were Thomas Bunbury of Kill and Redmond Kane of Swords.

1777

Birth of Thomas's brother [Colonel] Kane Bunbury, an army officer who became one of Ireland's foremost cattle breeders during the 1850s and 1860s.

1778

April 18: Thomas's father William Bunbury is killed in a horsefaall near Leighlinbridge in Co. Carlow. . Thomas inherited Lisnavagh but his father's plan to build a new house at Lisnavagh were abruptly cancelled. The family subsequently relocated to Bath. According to Col. Kane Bunbury’s obituary (The Carlow Sentinel, 1874), “the youthful family, however, enjoyed the blessings of a prudent and loving mother, as well as the counsel and protection of their uncles, Messrs. George and Benjamin Bunbury, and the affectionate solicitude of their aunt, the wife of Colonel Gough, and of other relatives and friends - With such advantages, the sons were well and early trained for the position they were destined to occupy in future life.”

Death of Redmond Kane, his wealthy Dublin-based grandfather. Redmond left his estates to be held in trust by the Hon. Barry Barry, Sir James Nugent and Charles King for the use of Thomas's younger brother Kane (then aged two) and his heirs. if Kane had no heirs, these estates were to pass to Thomas Bunbury and his heirs.

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Above: A miniature portrait of Thomas
Bunbury as a young boy, presumably about
the time of his father's death.

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1786

In 1786, The post-chaise companion: or, Travellers directory through Ireland, by William Wilson (topographer) (1786, 4th ed) recorded: "Two miles and a half beyond Hacketstbwn on the L close to the road and situated in the midst of trees are the ruins of Clonmore castle and two miles farther on the R is Lisnevagh the seat of Mr Germon and about a mile farther Paulville the seat of Mr Moore' . However, the same source also adds this: "Between Clonegall and Ravilly are Keel and Lisnavaugh, the seats of Mr Bunbury; Barnhill, that of Mr Ryan;

Kubekavagh, the seat of Mr Lucas; Bettyville, the seat of Mr Enraght Ballyragget that of Mr O'Reilly and Balycolane that of Mr Vicars". And elsewhere, discussing the road from Ballymore Eustace to Leighlinrbdige, 'Within three miles and a half of Tullow on the R is Keele Mr Bunbury's seat'. (And just to add to the confusion is this one: 'Four miles beyond Baltinglass on the L is Boagh, the seat Mr Minchin, and about half mile farther on the R is Rathdonnel'. Interestingly, Wilson also claims that 'About a quarter of a mile on the R of Swords is Mantua the seat of Mr Bunbury'.

1792

Sept 27: Thomas Bunbury matriculates from Christ Church College, Oxford, matriculating aged 17. [Alumni oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886, Parker and co., 1888, p. 190]

1797

In 1797, his sister Jane married John McClintock of Drumcar, and she was mother to the 1st Baron Rathdonnell and Captain William McClintock Bunbury of Lisnavagh.

1805

The Gentleman's magazine, Volume 75 (1805), Part 1, notes the death on 23 Jan ‘Of a decline, at his lodgings in Exmouth, Devon, aged 17 George Bunbury efq of Ireland’. George was Thomas's first cousin.

1808

Freemans Journal, Thursday, January 21, 1808 - Front Page: "STOLEN, on the 18th Inftant, off LISNEVAUGH, in the County of Carlow: ELEVEN BULLOCKS in condition, marked on the horn with the latters L. A. Whoever gives information of the above Cattle that may lead to a difcovery, fhall receive FIVE GUINEAS REWARD and no queftions afked, or TWENTY GUINEAS by profecuting the Thief or Thieves to conviction, by applying to Mr Phillip Germain, of the above place, or Meffrs. Byrne, Byrne and Whelan, Smithfield Dublin. 20th Jan. 1808."

1817

The Affidavit of Mark Kehoe of Ballybit, Carlow, Farmer, taken before James Bessoninet? [or Bissonette, descendant of an early Huguenot settler in Carlow] one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for Carlow. Deponent / Mark Kehoe / being duly Sworn and examined, Saith that he hath planted or caused to be planted since the first day of February last past, on the Lands of Ballybit, being Part of the Estate of Thomas Bunbury, Esquire, in said County Viz:
2200 of Scotch Fir Trees.
170 Larch Trees.
80 Spruce.
30 Chestnut.
290 Ash Trees.
Further Deponent Saith Not. (signed) Mark Keogh.
Sworn before me this [ blank ] Day of January 1817. (signed) James
Bessoninet?.
Read at a Grand General Sessions held at Tullow, January 17th 1817 (signed) Alex Humfrey, Clerk of the Peace.
(Pat Purcell Papers).
(These were probably planted on the back of a government-backed treeplanting grant scheme. However, Michael Purcell sagely suggests that 'many of the trees claimed for during this period were not planted ... the application was a means of availing of the grant, all one needed was a friendly Justice of the Peace or a fellow Magistrate to witness your signature on claiming the grant.'

1817

July 18: Death of the novelist Jane Austen who was almost certainly familiar with Thomas Bunbury's family during their time in Bath.

1820s

The Bunburys were by now living at 23 Circus in Bath. This house was connected to the family of Major John André, a ‘handsome and fearless’ British Army officer who was hanged as a spy on 2nd October 1780, during the American War of Independence. André, whose father was a Swiss Huguenot, was executed for attempting to assist Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British. Not long after his death, a pension was awarded to his mother and three sisters who lived at 23 Circus, while his brother William André was made a baronet. William André died in Bath aged 1801. As to his sisters, Ann Marguerite André – Miss Seward’s “tuneful Anna” – died unmarried circa 1830 aged about 80; Louisa Katharine André died, on Christmas Day, 1835, aged 81, and Mary Hannah André, the eldest daughter, died on March 3, 1845, aged 93. In 1821, at the behest of the b, Major André’s remains, which had been buried under the gallows, were removed to England and placed among kings and poets in Hero's Corner at Westminster Abbey under a marble monument depicting Britannia mourning alongside a British lion over André's death.

23 Circus was was later home to Dr. Percy Roberts Wilde, Physician to the Bath Homoeopathic Hospital.

Thanks to Maribeth Nolan for transcribing the Carlow Summer Assizes of 1825 from the Lisnavagh Archives.

 

1826

TROUBLE AT LISNAVAGH (From Pat Purcell Papers).

I Michael Forans of Lisnavagh, Servant, in the Parish of Rathvilly, Barony of Rathvilly, Carlow do acknowledge myself to be in Debt to our Sovereign Lord the King in the sum of £10 Sterling and Swear that my occupation and place of residence are above Truly Described. (signed) Michael, hisXmark, Forens.
I John Sewell, of Rathvilly, Blacksmith, do Swear that I am a Householder and have a house at Rathvilly on the road to Lisnavagh.
I James Ugan, of Lisnavagh, Mason, do Swear that I am worth £10 Sterling and reside at a place of residence at Lisnavagh.
Michael Forans to answer charges in open Court at Tullow made against him by Elizabeth Morehouse of Lisnavagh, Dairy maid.
Taken before me this 3rd Day of May 1826.
(signed) J. Whitty.

1826 (or 1828)

I Abraham Hopkins of Ballybit, Carlow, Farmer, do swear on the Holy Evangelists that I have planted or caused to be planted within twelve Calender months, last past, on the lands of Ballybit in the Parish of Rathvilly, Barony of Rathvilly, and County of Carlow, lands held by me from Thomas Bunbury, Esquire, the undermentioned Trees, Viz.~~
100 Elm Quicks.
100 Oak.
100 Limes.
100 Poplar.
100 Larch.
50 Ash Plants.
20 Sweet Chestnut.
10 Spurge Laurels.
10 English Elms.
10 Horse Chestnut.
10 Balm of Gitead.
10 Laurestines.
10 Portugal Laurels.
10 Phillyears..
12 Hollys.
10 American Black Spruce.
10 Alder.
10 Dutch Alder.
10 Aspalia Apple.
10 Timber Sallow.
10 Plumb.
10 Pear Trees.
Deponent further saith, that he hath caused a notice in writing to be served on Hugh Graves, Esquire, of the City of Dublin who is Agent or the Receiver of the Rents for the aforesaid Thomas Bunbury, Esquire under whom Deponent holds said Lands, of my intention to register said trees to be advertised in Saunders's News Letter thirty days at the least previous to the date hereoff (signed) Abraham Hopkins.
Sworn before me this 16th day of February 1828 at Carlow. (signed) Adam B.Feltus.
(from Pat Purcell Papers)

1827

I Abraham Hopkins of Ballybit,Carlow, Farmer, do swear that I have planted or caused to be planted within twelve Calender months, last past, on the lands of Ballybit in the Parish of Rathvilly, Barony of Rathvilly, and County of Carlow, lands held by me from Thomas Bunbury, Esquire, the following trees, Viz.
1,335 Larch Deal.
204 Scotch Fir Deal.
261 Birch.
108 Ash.
22 Spruce Fir.
making in the entire 1,930 trees and that I have Given notice to the Person or Persons under whom I immediately Derive on his, her or their Agent of my intention to register the said trees twenty days at the least previous to this Day, and that I have also Given Notice of the same in writing to the Head Landlord, owner and owners of Said Ground or his or their Agent twenty days Previous to the Date hereof (signed) Abraham Hopkins.
Sworn before me this 8th day of January 1827 at Carlow, one of his Majestys Justices of the Peace, in and for Carlow County and I know the Deponent.
(signed) William Fishbourne.
Read at Carlow January 1827 (signed) Alex Humfrey.
(Pat Purcell Papers)

 

1832

Thomas Bunbury was almost certainly not living in County Carlow at the time of the Tithe Wars which resulted in the eviction of Philip Germaine from Lisnavagh but he may have been back by the time of the seizure of Thomas Germaine's cattle in 1837. His name is not recorded in a list of 48 magistrates included in the Commissions of the Peace for Ireland on 1st May 1832.[i]

The following link is An Alphabetical List of Persons [of 1832] who have Registered their Votes at a Special Sessions held at Carlow, in and for the Borough of Carlow; pursuant to the Act of the 2d and 3d of William IV cap. 88. (Carlow: Printed At The Sentinel Office, Coal-Market). Digitized from the Lisnavagh Archives by Anice Nolan and Mary Joines, and published courtesy of Lord Rathdonnell.

 

1834

August 9: Death in Bath, at her house in the Circus', of Mrs Katherine Bunbury (nee Kane), mother of Thomas, Kane and Jane, 'in her 82nd year'. Her passing was reported in The Bath Chronicle & Weekly Gazette of 14 August which noted that she was the 'relict of Wm. Bunbury esq; of Lisnevagh, county of Carlow, one of the representatives of that county in the Irish Parliament'. Following her death, Thomas came into possession of the Kane estates under the limitations & conditions of the settlement made on the marriage of his parents.

1835

See http://irishcriminology.com/10c.html for the murder trial of John Dempsey and Lucinda Sly, for which both Thomas Bunbury and his nephew Captain McClintock Bunbury sat on the Grand Jury (see Appendix) in 1835.

1837

September 5, 1837: CARLOW – A BAREFACED ACT OF GOVERNMENT - The Chief Constable of Carlow, Mr. Fitzgibbon, who was found conscientious enough to give honest testimony at Captain Vignolies's trial, received from the Castle, on Monday last, a tolerably plain hint that officials under the control of the Irish Government were not expected to tell truth on all occasions. This hint was a peremptory order to remove to Tullow on the following Wednesday, giving him thus one day for preparation. He left Carlow on the day stated, and is replaced by a son of the ex- pawnboker Fitzgerrald, the busiest and most noisy Radical in that town. This appointment reached Carlow; on Tuesday last, so that things were nicely adjusted by his Excellency.-Leinster Express. (The Times)

At the general election in 1837 the Liberal candidates, Mr. Vigors and Mr. Ashton Yates, were successful, polling 730 votes, Colonel Bruen and Mr. Bunbury having only 643. Mr. Kavanagh had died in February preceding; but on the death of Mr. Vigors, in December, 1840, Colonel Bruen recovered his seat, defeating the Hon. Frederick Ponsonby with 722 votes to 555.

1840

[Note added 2012, transcribed verbatim, this is the first and only time we have seen "Examinations" or "Informations" referred to as "Statements" in the Pat Purcell Papers dealing with the period 1740 to 1860s ]

The Statements of James Chaney, Servant man to Dr. Edward Heath of Rathvilly~~ he the said James Chaney having been fully and Duly Cautioned Saith ~
I was living in Rathvilly about 6 months ago, I went to the House of Patt Ward in Rathvilly, I cannot tell the day but Bridget Dempsey asked me to go with her one night to Mr Morten of Mount Lucas. She told me she was going to Her Sister Ellen [ crossed out ] who lives at Mr Mortens for some milk -- I went with her and when I went near the House I said I would stop there until until she came out, she pressed me to go forward, I did so.
And I saw her go into the Cow House and heard her milking the Cow into the Tin Can -- When she came out she had about half the Can full of milk. I returned with her to Rathvilly, she wanted me to go in and drink some of the Milk, I refused and went home --.
Not long after that I was in Lowry Fowleys House in Rathvilly when I heard him and Bridget and Ellen Dempsey Ploting to go to Mr Mortens to Steal a Lamb. I cannot tell if they went for the Lamb or not. After the Milking of the Cow I was returning to Baltinglass for my Shirt of a Saturday night when I overtook at a late Hour of the night Bridget and Ellen Dempsey and Lowry Foley towards the Mote of Rathvilly.
Bridget Dempsey told me she was going to her Sister at Mr Mortens who sent for her, she did not tell me for what. I accompanied them to a lane turning down to Mr Mortens they desired me to wait there until they came back. I remained there and when they came back which they did in about half an hour I saw with them a large Silver Spoon and a quanity of Meal Eithen Barley or Bere Meal cannot tell which. There appeared to be about one can [ the following line is missing ] --- on the road to Rathvilly they hid some of the Meal, I did not return in company with them they having gone across the field. I went the road -- they did not bring into Foleys House all the meal I saw with them which makes me say they Hid some of it -- .
When they brought it into Foleys they divided what they had -- I heard them say they broke open the door. I believe Lowry Foley to be a regular night walker. I have frequently seen him returning at late hours of the night with Potatoes -- I never heard what they did with the Silver Spoon -- (signed) James, hisXmark, Chaney.
Declared before me this 18th May 1840 at Baltinglass (signed) Barth Warburton.
Mary Fowley Saith Ellen Connors bought wool and Mutton from Ellen Dempsey
-- Ellen Dempsey, Catherine Murphy.
Received 13th July 1848. (signed) James McDonagh.

1841

June 16: The Times reports that 'Mr. Thomas Bunbury of Moyle will take the field with Colonel Bruen [1] at the ensuing election'.

July 12: The Times (p. 4) reports: 'Candidates, Messrs. Gisborne and Daniel 0'Connell, jun., Colonel Bruen and Mr. T. Bunbury. The latter gentleman, the Radicals were pleased to say, had fled from the contest; but, as usual, they were at fault in their calculations.'

At the election of 1841 the result of the poll was as follows :— Colonel Bruen .... 705, Thomas Bunbury, esq. . 704, John Ashton Yates, esq. . 697, Daniel O'Connell, jun. esq. 696.

 

FOOTNOTE

[1] As a public man Colonel Bruen possessed indomitable energy and fearless bearing, coupled with a highly cultivated mind, which commanded the respect of his opponents, and won the esteem and sincere attachment of his friends. He was a consistent Conservative, and voted for agricultural protection in 1846. Colonel Bruen married Anne, eldest daughter of Thomas Kavanagh, esq. of Borris, (long his colleague as county member,) by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Butler, sister to the Marquess of Ormonde, Mrs. Bruen died in Sept. 1830. He is succeeded in his extensive estates by his son, Henry Bruen, esq. [Gentleman’s Magazine]

1842

On the evening of Saturday May 7th 1842, Thomas Bunbury, MP, is amongst 90 guest who attend the Archbishop of Canterbury's fourth and final public dinner for the season, at Lambeth Palace. Prayers were read at half-past 6 o'clock by the Rev. Dr. Mill and the Rev. Benjamin Harrison, his Grace's chaplains. Covers were laid for 90, and there were present-His Excellency Chevalier Bunsen, the Russian Minister; the Duke of Rutland, Marquis of Londonderry, Earls of Sheffield, Cadogan, Manvers, Fortescue, Brownlow, Harrowby, Beverley, Ilchester, and Grosvenor; Viscounts Melbourne, Duncannon, Northland, Marsham, Duncan, and Alford; Bishops of Rochester and Norwich; Lords Sondes, Wharncliffe, Fitzgerald, Lyttelton, Abinger, and Mark Ker; the Right Eon. Sir Edward Knatchbull, the Right Hon. George Dawson, Hon. Colonel Howard, Hon. W. Ashlev, Hon. Charles Ponsonby, Lieutenant-General Sir Howard Douglas, M.P.; Sir Charles Hulse; the Rev. Sir Charles Farnaby, Lieutenant-General Sir Andrew Barnard, Admiral Bowles, the Dean of Salisbury, the Dean of Norwich, Archdeacon Wilberforce, Mr. Serjeant Merewether, Mr. Cotton, Governor of the Bank of England; Mr. J. B. Heath, Deputy-Governor, Mr. Raikes Currie, M P Mr. J. H. Lowther, M.P., Mr. J. I. Yivian, hLP., Mr. Gibson Craig, MP., Mr. H. Baring, MP., Mr. Ormsby Gore, M.P., Mr. H.B. Ferrand, MP, Mr. H. Baillie, M.P., Mr. George Darby, MP, Mr. F. Hodgson, M.P., Mr. H. Broadwood, M.P., Mr. J. Scholefield, MP., Mr. N. Alexander, M.P., Mr. M. Baskerville, M.P., Mr. R. Richards, M.P., Mr. H. Bradley, ALP., Mr. C. Stansfield, ALP., Mr. J. Langston, M.P., Mr. F. H. Dickinson, M.P., Mr. Wilbraham Egerton, Mr. Haldine, &c., the Rev. Dr. Mill, and Rev. Benjamin Harrison, chaplains of the Archbishop. (The Times, May 9, 1842, p. 4.)

1846

May 28: Thomas Bunbury dies umarried. He clearly knew he was unwell as he signed his will two days earlier.

June 2: (Tues) The Times notes death of Thomas Bunbury, MP for Carlow, in his 71st year, at his residence, 14 Crawford Street, Portman Square, on 28th. On his death, all his property passed to his brother Kane. Thomas's will, dated 26th May 1846, gave, devised and bequeathed all his estates, freehold and copyhold, as well as his leasehold estates (whether held for lives or years) to trustees therein named upon trust for his brother Kane Bunbury, for life, with remainder to his nephew Captain William McClintock Bunbury and his heirs (who got 2/3) and John McClintock (1st Baron Rathdonnell) (who received 1/3). Captain McClintock Bunbury and William Elliot were executors.
Up until 1891, the Kane estates in all counties were administered separately and estate business was recorded in a separate series of rentals (for no logical reason, since they had merged with the Bunbury estates in 1846 and then merged with the McClintock estates in 1879). In 1891 a reorganization must have taken place (probably following the dismissal of the agent for the Kane estates), and 'Fermanagh, Kane and Louth' came to be administered as one unit, and the Bunbury estates as another.

June 3: 'The death of Mr. Thomas Bunbury, the intelligence of which reached Dublin on Saturday, creates a vacancy in the representation of the county of Carlow. No candidate has yet been named; but sometime since, and on the accession of Mr. [Abraham] Brewster to the office of Solicitor-General [on 2nd Feb 1846], it was rumoured that the late representative was about to retire in order to leave the law officer of the Crown a chance of securing a seat in Parliament; at that time, and even now, a matter of no small convenience to the Minister. Whether Mr. Brewster will offer himself to the electors on the present occasion is rather a moot question.' The Times, June 3, 1846, p. 5.

July 7: William Bunbury McClintock returned as MP for Carlow in the room of his late uncle.

July 16: Abraham Brewster steps down as Solicitor General.

The 1846 Parliamentary Gazeteer notes that “the principal height in the parish of Rathvilly are Knockevagh in the north, and a rising- ground in Lisnevagh demesne, with altitudes above sea-level of respectively 593 and 472 feet. The land throughout the parish is, for, the most part, good.’

 

FOOTNOTES

[i] Magistrates included in the Commissions of the Peace in Ireland

1/5/1832-

Co Carlow

Sir Thomas Buter –Bart
Sir John Harvey Knt
Edward Eustace
William Browne
John Staunton Rochford
Robert Eustace
Philip Newton
Thomas Kavanagh
Francis Dillon
Henry Faulkiner
Luke Hagart
James Eustace
John F Cornwall
Robert Doyne
William Fishbourne
Henry Waters -Esq
Philsworth Whelan
Walter Balckney
Nicholas Aylward
William Richard Stewart
William Duckett
William Burton
John Archibold Leonard
Thomas Bookey
John Watson
Thomas H Watson
Walter Newton
James Hardy Eustace
Henry Bruen
John Whelan
Samuel Elliott
James Butler Esq.,
David Burtchall Esq
Major Robert Bushe
Robert Durdin
Robert Clayton Browne
William Carey
Horace Rochfort
John Dawson Duckett
Joseph Dawson Duckett
Joseph Greene Esq.
Gerald Fitzgerald
Nicholas Aylward Viagors (Vigors ) Esq.
Captain John Spencer Manning
Lieutenant-col Daniel Toler Osborne
Major Thomas Ryan
Mathew Singelton
Thomas Derenzy Esqr.

These names only show you what they worked at and suggests they were still living in May of 1832. (Transcribed: Cara Links).

 

 

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