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How theY voted in the Act of Union in 1799 and 1800


Members Who Voted Against The Union In 1799 And 1800.

Those marked * were not in the Division among those who voted against the Union, on the 24th of January, 1799, of 111 against, to 106 for.

1. Hon. A. Acheson, son to Lord Gosford.
2. William C. Alcock, County Wexford.
3. Mervyn Archdall, County Fermanagh.
*4. W. H. Armstrong, refused all terms from Government.
*5. Sir Richard Butler, changed sides. See Black List.
6. John Bagwell, changed sides twice. See Black List.
•7. Peter Burrowes, afterwards Judge of the Insolvent Court; a steady
•8. John Bagwell, jun., changed sides. See Black List.
9. John Ball, member for Drogheda; incorruptible.
*10. Charles Ball, brother to the preceding.
11. Sir Jonah Barrington, King's Counsel, Judge for the Admiralty, refused all terms.
*12. Charles Bushe, afterwards Solicitor-General and Chief Justice of Ireland ; incorruptible.
13. John C. Beresford, seceded from Mr. Ponsonby in 1799, on his declaration of independence.
14. Arthur Brown, member of the University, changed sides in 1800; was appointed Prime Sergeant by Lord Castlereagh, through Mr. Cooke; of all others the most open and palpable case. See Black List.
15. William Blakeney, a pensioner, but opposed to Government.
16. William Burton, sold his borough, Carlow, to a Unionist (Lord Tullamore), but remained staunch himself.
*17. Henry V. Brooke.
*18. Blayney Balfour.
19. David Babbington, connected with Lord Belmore.
*20. Hon. James Butler (Marquis of Ormonde) voted in 1800 against the Union, but with Government on Lord Corry's motion.
*21. Col. J. Maxwell Barry (Lord Farnham), nephew to the Speaker.
22. William Bagwell, changed sides twice, concluded as a Unionist. See Black List.
23. Viscount Corry (now Lord Belmore), dismissed from his regiment by Lord Cornwallis; a zealous leader of the opposition.
24. Robert Crowe, a barrister, bribed by Lord Castlereagh.
25. Lord Clements, afterwards Lord Leitrim.
26. Lord Cole, afterwards Lord Enniskillen, unfortunately dissented from Mr. Ponsonby's motion for a declaration of independence in 1799, whereby the Union was revived and carried.
27. Hon. Lowry Cole, a general; brother to Lord Cole.
•28 R. Shapland Carew.
29. Hon. A. Creighton, changed sides and became a Unionist. See Black List.
30. Hon. J. Creighton, changed sides. See Black List.
31. Joseph Edward Cooper.
32. James Cane, changed sides. See Black List.
33. Lord Caulfield (afterwards Earl Charlemont), Sod to Earl Charlemont, a principal leader of the opposition.
34. Henry Coddington.
35. George Crookshank, a son of the Judge of the Common Pleas.
36. Dennis B. Daly, brother-in-law to Mr. Ponsonby; a most active Anti-Unionist.
*37. Noah Dalway.
38. Richard Dawson.
39. Arthur Dawson, formerly a banker, father to the late Under secretary.
40. Francis Dobbs, famous for his doctrine on the Millennium; an enthusiastic Anti-Unionist.
41. John Egan, King's Counsel, chairman of Kilmainham ; offered a Judge's seat, but could not be purchased, though far from rich.
42. R. L. Edgeworth.
43. George Evans.
44. Sir John Freke, Bart, (afterwards Lord Carberry).
45. Frederick Falkiner, though a distressed person, could not be purchased.
46. Rt. Hon. J. Fitzgerald, Prime Serjeant of Ireland; could not be bought, and was dismissed from his high office by Lord Cornwallis; father to Mr. Vesey Fitzgerald (afterwards Lord Fitzgerald).
47. William C. Fortescue, one of the three who inconsiderately opposed Mr. Ponsonby's motion.
*48. Rt. Hon. J. Foster, Speaker, the chief of the opposition throughout the whole contest. 49 Hon. Thomas Foster.
*50. Sir T. Fetherston, Bart., changed sides. See Black List.
51. Arthur French, unfortunately coincided with Mr. Fortescue in 1799, against Mr. Ponsonby's motion.
•52. Chichester Fortescue, King at Arms; bought over in 1800 by Lord Castlereagh : voted both sides; ended a Unionist.
53. William Gore, bought by Lord Castlereagh in 1800.
54. Hamilton Gorges, a distressed man, but could not be purchased: father-in-law to Secretary Cooke.
•55. H. Grattan.
*56. Thomas Goold (afterwards Serjeant and Master in Chancery), brought into Parliament by the Anti-Unionists; incorruptible.
57. Hans Hamilton, member for Dublin County.
58. Edward Hardman, City of Drogheda; the Speaker's friend.
59. Francis Hardy, author of the Life of Charlemont; brother-in-law to the Bishop of Down.
60. Sir Joseph Hoare.
*61. William Hoare Hume, Wicklow County.
*62. Edward Hoare, though very old and stone blind, attended all the debates, and sat up all the nights of the debate.
*63. Bartholomew Hoare, King's Counsel.
64. Alexander Hamilton, King's Counsel; son to the Baron.
65. Hon. A. C. Hamilton.
66. Sir F. Hopkins, Bart., prevailed on to take money to vacate, in 1800, and let in a Unionist.
•67. H. Irwin.
68. Gilbert King.
69. Charles King.
70. Hon. Robert King.
71. Lord Kingsborough (Earl Kingston).
72. Hon. George Knox, brother to Lord Northland; lukewarm.
73. Francis Knox, vacated his seat for Lord Castlereagh.
74. lit. Hon. Henry King.
75. Major King, he opened the Bishop of Clogher's Borough in 1800.
*76. Gustavus Lambert, brother to Countess Talbot.
77. David La Touche, jun., banker.
78. Robert Latouche, ditto.
79. John Latouche, sen., ditto.
80. John Latouche, jun., ditto.
81. Charles Powell Leslie.
82. Edward Lee, member for the County of Waterford; zealous.
83. Sir Thomas Leighton, Bart., a banker.
84. Lord Maxwell (died Lord Farnham).
85. Alexander Montgomery.
86. Sir J. Macartney, Bart., much distressed, but could not be bribed ; nephew by affinity to the Speaker.
87. William Thomas Mansell, actually purchased by Lord Castlereash. *88 Stephen Moore, changed sides on Lord Corry's motion. See Debates.
*89. John Moore.
90. Arthur Moore (afterwards Judge of the Common Pleas), a staunch Anti-Unionist.
91. Lord Mathew (Eail Llandaff), Tipperary County.
*92. Thomas Mahon.
93. John Metge, brother to the Baron of the Exchequer.
94. Richard Neville, had been a dismissed Treasury officer; sold his vote to be reinstated; changed sides. See Black List.
95. Thomas Newenham, the author of various works on Ireland; one of the steadiest Anti-Unionist.
96. Charles O'Hara, Sligo County.
97. Sir Edward O'Brien, Clare County.
98. Col. Hugh O'Donnel, a most ardent Anti-Unionist; dismissed from his regiment of Mayo militia.
99. James Moore O'Donnel, killed by Mr. Bingham in a duel.
100. Hon. W. O'Callaghan, brother to Lord Lismore.
101. Henry Osborn, could not be bribed; his brother was.
102. Rt. Hon. George Ogle, Wexford County.
103. Joseph Preston, an eccentric character; could not be purchased.
104. John Preston, of Bellintor, was purchased by a title (Lord Tara), and Itis brother, a Parson, got a living of 700/. a year.
105. Rt. Hon. Sir J. Parnell, Chancellor of the Exchequer, dismissed by Lord Castlereagh; incorruptible.
•106. Henry Parnell.
107. W. C. Plunkett (now Lord Plunkel).
108. Rt. Hon. W. B. Ponsonby (afterwards Lord Ponsonby).
*109. J. B. Ponsonby (afterwards Lord Ponsonby).
110. Major W. Ponsonby, a general, killed at Waterloo.
111. Rt. Hon. G. Ponsonby (afterwards Lord Chancellor), died of apoplexy.
112. Sir Laurence Parsons, King's County (Earl of Rosse); made a remarkably fine speech.
113. Richard Power, nephew to the Baron of the Exchequer.
114. Abal Ram, changed sides.
115. Gustavus Rochfort, County Westmeath; seduced by Government, and changed sides in 1800. See Black List.
116. John S. Roehfort, nephew to the Speaker.
117. Sir William Richardson.
•118. John Reilly, changed sides. See Black List.
•119. William E. Reilly.
•120. Charles Ruxton.
121. William P. Ruxton.
*122. Clotworthy Rowley, changed sides. See Black List.
'123. William Rowley, ditto. See ditto.
*124. J. Rowley, ditto. See ditto.
125. Francis Saunderson.
126. William Smyth, Westmeath.
127. James Stewart.
128. Hon. W. J. Skeffington.
129. Francis Savage. *130 Francis Synge.
131. Henry Stewart.
132. Sir R. St. George, Bart.
133. Hon. Benjamin Stratford (Lord Aldborough), gained by Lord Castlereagh; changed sides. See Black List.
134. Nathaniel Sneyd.
135. Thomas Stannus, changed sides; Lord Portarlington's member. See Black List.
•136. Robert Shaw, a banker.
*137. Rt. Hon. William Saurin (afterwards Attorney-General), a steady but calm Anti-Unionist.
138. William Tighe.
139. Henry Tighe.
140. John Taylor.
141. Thomas Townshend.
142. Hon. Richard Trench, voted against the Union in 1799; was gained by Lord Castlereagh, whose relative he married, and voted for it in 1800; was created an Earl, and made an ambassador to Holland.
143. Hon. R. Taylor.
144. Charles Vereker (now Lord Gort) City Limerick.
145. Owen Wynne.
146. John Waller.
147. E. D. Wilson, first voted against the Union; purchased by Lord Castlereagh; he was Lord Clare's brother-in-law. See Black List.
*148. Thomas Whaley.
*149. Nicholas Westby.
•150. John Wolfe, member for the County Wicklow; Colonel of the Kildare militia, refused to vote for Government, and was cashiered; could not be purchased.

By the Red and Black Lists it is evident, beyond all contradiction, that those who had, in 1799, successfully opposed the Union, or had declared against it, Lord Castlereagh, palpably purchased twenty-five before the second discussion in 1800, which made a difference of fifty votes in favour of Government; and it is therefore equally evident, that, by the public and actual bribery of those twenty-five members, and not by any change of opinion in the country, or any fair or honest majority, Mr. Pitt and his instruments carried the Union.
The observations annexed to the names in these Lists, were, at the time, either in actual proof, or sufficiently notorious to have been printed in various documents at that epoch. As to the House of Lords, the servile—almost miraculous—submission with which they surrendered their hereditary prerogatives, honours, rights, and dignities, into the hands of the Lords Clare and Castlereagh, is a subject unprecedented.

ORIGINAL BLACK LIST Of Those who Voted FOR The Union In 1799 and 1800.

Those marked • were not in the Division among those who voted for the Union on the 24th of January 1799, of 100 for, to 111 against.

•1. R. Aldridge, an English clerk in the Secretary's office; no connexion with Ireland.
2. Henry Alexander, Chairman of Ways and Menns ; cousin of Lord Caledon; his brother made a bishop; himself Colonial Secretary at the Cape of Good Hope.
3. Richard Archdall, Commissioner of the Board of Works.
4. William Bailey, ditto ditto.
5. Right Hon. J. Beresford, First Commissioner of Revenue; brother in-law to Lord Clave.
6. J. Beresford, jun., then purse-bearer to Lord Clare, afterwards a parson and Lord Decies.
7. Marcus Beresford, a colonel in the army, son to the bishop, Lord Clare's nephew.
8. J. Bingham, created a peer; got 8.000/. for two seats, and 15.000/. compensation for Tuam. This gentleman first offered himself for sale to the Anti-Unionists : Lord Clanmorris.
9. Joseph H. Blake, created it peer—Lord Wallscourt, &c.
*10. Sir J. G. Blackwood, created a peer—Lord Dufterin.
11. Sir John Blaquiere, numerous offices and pensions, and created a peer—Lord De Blaquiere.
12. Anthony Botet, appointed Commissioner of the Barrack Board, 500/. a-year.
•13. Colonel Burton, brother to Lord Conyngham; a colonel in the army.
*14. Sir Richard Butler, purchased and changed sides; voted against the Union in 1799, and for it in 1800. 1
15. Lord Boyle, son to Lord Shannon; they got an immense sum of money for their seats and boroughs; at 15,000/. each borough.
16. Right Hon. D. Brown, brother to Lord Sligo.
17. Stewart Bruce, Gentleman Usher at Dublin Castle; a baronet.
18. George Burdet, Commissioner of a Public Board, 500/. per annum.
*19. George Bunbury, Ditto.
20. Arthur Browne, changed sides and principles, and was appointed serjeant; in 1799 opposed the Union, and supported it in 1800; he was Senior Fellow of Dublin University; lost his seat the ensuing election, and died.
*21. John Bagwell, sen., changed twice ; got half the patronage of Tipperary; his son a dean, &c.&c.
*22. John Bagwell, Jan., ditto; got the Tipperary Regiment, &c. *23 William Bagwell, his brother; changed sides.
24. Lord Castlereagh, the Irish Minister.
25. George Cavendish, Secretary to the Treasury during pleasure; son to Sir Henry.
26. Sir II. Cavendish, Receiver-General during pleasure ; deeply in debted to the Crown.
27. Sir H. Chinnery, placed in office after the Union.
*28. James Cane, renegaded and got a pension.
*29. Thomas Casey, a Commissioner of Bankrupts under Lord Clare made a city magistrate. A
30. Colonel C. Cope, renegaded ; got a regiment and the patronage of his county.
*31. General Cradock, returned by Government; much military rank ; Lord Howden.
*32. James Crosby, a regiment and the patronage of Kerry, jointly ; seconded the Address.
33. Edward Cooke, Under Secretary at the Castle.
34. Charles II. Coote, obtained a regiment (which was taken from Colonel Warburton), patronage of Queen's county, and a peerage (Lord Castlecoote), and 7,500l. in cash for his interest at the borough of Maryborough, in which, in fact, it w.is proved before the Commissioners that Sir Jonah Barrington had more interest than his lordship.
35. Right Hon. I. Corry, appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer, on dismissal of Sir John Parnell.
36. Sir J. Cotter, privately bought over by cash.
37. Richard Cotter. purchased.
38. Hon. H. Creighton –renegaded, privately purchased.
39. Hon J. Creighton –renegaded, privately purchased.
40. W. A. Crosbie, Comptroller to the Lord Lieutenant's Household.
*41. James Cuffe, natural son to Mr. Cuffe of the Board of Works; his father created Lord Tyrawly.
*42. General Dunne, returned for Maryborough by the united influence of Lord Castlecoote and Government, to keep out Mr. Barrington ; gained the election by only one.
43. William Elliott, Secretary at the Castle.
44. General Eustace, a regiment.
45. Lord C. Fitzgerald, Duke of Leinster's brother, a pension and a peerage ; a sea officer of no repute.
40. Right Hon. W. Forward, the brother of Lord Wicklow.
47. Sir C. Fortescue, renegaded officer ; King at Arms.
48. A. Ferguson, got a place at the Barrack Board, 500/. a year, and a baronetcy. •49. Luke Fox, appointed Judge of Common Pleas; nephew by marriage to Lord Ely.
*50. William Fortescue, got a secret pension out of a fund (3,000/. a year) entrusted by Parliament to the Irish Government, solely to reward Reynolds, Cope, &c., &C., and those who informed against rebels.
51. J. Galbraith, Lord Abercorn's attorney ; got a baronetage.
52. Henry D. Grady, first counsel to the Commissioners.
53. Richard Hare, put two members into Parliament, and was created Lord Ennismore for their votes.
54. William Hare, his son.
55. Colonel II. Heniker, a regiment, and paid 3.500/. for his seat by the Commissioners of Compensation; an Englishman; got a peerage.
56. Peter Holmes, a Commissioner of Stamps.
57. George Hatton, appointed Commissioner of Stamps.
58. lion. J. Hutchinson, a general, Lord Hutchinson.
59. Hugh Howard, Lord Wicklow's brother, made Postmaster General.
60. William Handcock, Athlone, an extraordinary instance; he made and sang songs against the Union in 1799, at a public dinner of the Opposition, and made and sang songs for it in 1800); he got a peerage.
*61. John Hobson, appointed Storekeeper at the Castle Ordnance.
62. Col. G. Jackson, a regiment.
63. Penham Jephson, Master of Horse to the Lord Lieutenant.
64. Hon. G. Jocelyn, promotion in the Army, and his brother consecrated bishop of Lismore.
65. William Jones, Colonel of Militin.
66. Theophilus Jones, Collector of Dublin.
67. Maj.-Gen. Jackson, a regiment.
68. William Johnson, returned to Parliament by Lord Castlereagh, as he himself declared, " to put an end to it;" appointed judge.
69. Robert Johnson, seceded from his patron, Lord Downshire, and was appointed a judge.
70. John Keane, a renegade; got a pension.
71. James Kearney, returned by Lord Clifton, being his attorney ; got an office.
72. Henry Kemrais, son to the Crown Solicitor.
73. Willium Knott, appointed a Commissioner of Appeals, 800/. a year.
74. Andrew Knox, Lord Abercorn's influence.
*75. Colonel Keatinge.
76. Right Hon. Sir H. Langrishe, a Commissioner of the Revenue, received 15,000/. for his patronage at Knoctopher.
77. T. Lindsay, Commissioner of Stamps, paid 1,500/. for his patronage.
78. T. Lindsay, jun., Usher at the Castle, paid 1,500/. for his patronage.
79. T. Longfield, created a peer; Lord LongueYille.
80. Capt. J. Longfield, appointed to the Office of Ship Entries of Dublin, taken from Sir Jonah Barrington.
81. Lord Loftus, son to Lord Ely, Postmaster-General; got 30,000/ for their boroughs, and created an English Marquis.
82. General Lake, an Englishman (no connexion with Ireland) ; returned by Lord Castereagh to/e/y to vote for the Union.
83. Right Hon. David Latouche.
84. General Loftus, a general; got a regiment; cousin to Lord Ely.
85. Francis M'Namara, a private pension, paid by Lord Castlereagh.
86. Ross Mahon, several appointments and places by Government.
87. Richard Martin, Commissioner of Stamps.
88. Right Hon. Monk Mason, a Commissioner of Revenue.
89. II. D. Massy, received 4.000/.
*90. Thomas Mahon.
91. A. E. M'Naghten, appointed a Lord of the Treasury, &c.
92. Stephen Moore, a Postmaster at will. '93 N. M. Moore.
94. Right Hon. Lodge Morris, created a peer.
95. Sir R. Musgrave, appointed Receiver of the Customs, 1,200/ a year.
96. James M'Cleland, a barrister; appointed Solicitor-General, and then a Baron of the Exchequer.
•97. Colonel C. M'Donnel, Commissioner of Imprest Accounts, SCO/. per annum. •98. Richard Magenniss, ditto.
99. Thomas Nesbit, a pensioner at will.
100. Sir W. G. Newcomen, Bart., bought, and a peerage for his wife.
*101. Richard Neville, renegaded; reinstated as Teller of the Exchequer.
102. William Odell, a regiment, and Lord of the Treasury.
103. Charles Osborne, a barrister, appointed a Judge of the King's Bench.
104. C. M. Ormsby, appointed First Council Commissioner.
105. Admiral Packenham, Master of the Ordnance.
•106. Colonel Packenham, a regiment, killed at New Orleans.
*107. H. S. Prittie, a peerage, Lord Dunally.
*108. R. Penefather.
*109. T. Prendergast, an office in the Court of Chancery, 500/. a year, his brother Crown Solicitor.
•110. Sir Richard Quin, a peerage.
111. Sir Boyle Roche, Gentleman Usher at the Castle.
112. R. Rutledge.
*113. Hon. C. Rowley, renegaded, and appointed to office by Lord Castlereagh.
114. Hon. H. Skeffington, Clerk of the Paper Office of the Castle, and 7,500/. for his patronage.
115. William Smith, a barrister, appointed a Baron of Exchequer.
116. H. M. Sandford, created a peer, Lord Mount Sandford.
117. Edmond Stanley, appointed Commissioner of Accounts.
118. John Staples.
119. John Stewart, appointed Attorney-General, and created a baronet.
120. John Stratum.
121. Hon. B. Stratford, renegaded to get 7,500, his half of the compensation for Baltinglass.
*122. Hon. J. Stratford, Paymaster of Foreign Forces, 1,300/. a year, and 7.500/. for Baltinglass.
123. Richard Sharkey, an obscure barrister, appointed a county judge.
•124. Thomas Stannus, renegaded.
•125. J. Savage.
•126. Right Hon. J. Toler, Attorney-General, his wife, an old lady, created a peeress, himself made Chief Justice, and a peer.
*127. Frederick Trench, appointed a Commissioner of the Board of Works.
*128. Hon. R. Trench, a barrister, created a peer, and made an ambassador.
*129. Charles Trench, his brother appointed Commissioner of Inland Navigation, a new office created by Lord Cornwallis, for rewards.
130. Richard Talbot.
*131. P. Tottenham, compensation for patronage, cousin, and politically connected with Lord Ely.
132. Lord Tyrone, 104 offices in the gift of his family; proposed the Union in Parliament, by a speech written in the crown of his hat.
133. Charles Tottenham, in office.
134. John Townsend, a Commissioner.
*135. Robert Tighe, Commissioner of Barracks.
136. Robert Uniack, a commissioner; connected with Lord Clare.
137. James Verner, called the Prince of Orange.
138. J. O. Vandeleur, commissioner of the Revenue; his brother a Judge.
139. Colonel Wemyss, Collector of Kilkenny.
140. Henry Westenra, father of the late Lord Rossmore, the reverse of him in politics.